From a tantric perspective, our present-day patriarchal society is flawed because the male-female balance has been lost. Leonardo Boff, although not a Tantrist, points to the unhealthy knock-on effect on society of the repression of the feminine principle: “The predominance of the masculine principle, which is historically expressed through the domination of men over women, and over everything else around it, has impoverished the human condition. […] the predominance of the masculine principle has exacerbated power, reason and violent means and it has weakened the feminine principle, sensitivity, emotional intelligence, being caring and caring for, the symbolic perception of reality and spirituality.”
In his book “Interpretations of Peace in History and Culture”, Wolfgang Dietrich charts a comprehensive history of the evolution of societal worldviews. He places Tantra in the category of pre-moral, energetic interpretations of peace i.e. having come into existence and been prevalent before the introduction of the monotheistic religions, and points to “the increasing institutionalization of society and religion” as the main reason for the loss of the understanding of opposites – particularly male and female – as harmonious sides of one whole. “The adoption of the principle of matter, order, or form into the male sphere […] relegates the energy interpreted as female from a primal and inseparable complementary towards a secondary position.”
Without rejecting the archetypal masculine, Tantra offers us a way of returning the feminine to a position of power in our modern-day societies. Like Tantra, Taoism considers male and female to be two intrinsic components of one whole: “The ancient Chinese Daoist philosophy provides valuable insight into archetypal male and female energy through the concepts of Yin and Yang. Yin has been translated in the West by the adjectives ‘feminine’ and ‘female’ and Yang by ‘masculine’ and ‘male’; however, it is essential to clarify that Yin does not always refer to women, or qualities found only in women, and Yang does not always refer to men, or qualities found only in men.” 
Moreover, neither Yang nor Yin is more important or influential. “Yin and Yang are not value judgements. They are simply labels describing regular phenomena – with no implication of innate goodness or badness.” In fact, the harmonious inter-play of the Yin/Yang energies is essential for balance and health. The ideal is interconnectedness and the flow of energy from one point to the other, a bit like the figure 8 or the Yin-Yang symbol, both of which are beautifully demonstrative of a seamless whole.
Excerpt from “Looking for Tantra”, due out September/October 2015
 Boff, L. (2011) Virtues: For Another Possible World. Cascade Books: Eugene, OR, p.257.
 Dietrich, W. (2012) Interpretations of Peace in History and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan: London & New York, pp.42-43.
 Ibid, p.43.
 Rossi, V. (2005) A Shared Human Identity: the Foundation of a Peace Culture. MA thesis submitted to the European University Centre for Peace Studies, Austria, (unpublished), p.11.
 Ibid, p.11.